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Can you explain differences between ferrous metals and alloys? Definition with examples.
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Ferrous metals and alloys play an important role in the industries of a nation. Thus it is very essential for an engineer to know about the sources and techniques of their production. The word Ferrous is derived from the Latin word Ferrum which means Iron. Therefore, the ferrous metals may be defined as those metals which contain Iron as their main constituent. The principal ferrous metals used in engineering are classified under the following groups:

1. Pig iron

2. Cast iron

3. Wrought iron

4. Carbon steel and

5. Alloy Steel.

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