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What are the basic properties of metal?

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There are following properties of metal:

  1. Materials in this group are composed of one or more metallic elements (such as iron, aluminum, copper, titanium, gold, and nickel), and often also nonmetallic elements (for example, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen) in relatively small amounts.
  2. Atoms in metals and their alloys are arranged in a very orderly manner.
  3. In comparison to the ceramics and polymers, are relatively dense.
  4. Mechanical Property- relatively stiff and strong , ductile (i.e., capable of large amounts of deformation without fracture), and are resistant to fracture.
  5. Metallic materials have large numbers of nonlocalized electrons; that is, these electrons are not bound to particular atoms.Many properties of metals are directly attributable to these electrons.
  6. Example, metals are extremely good conductors of electricity,and heat, and are not transparent to visible light; a polished metal surface has a lustrous appearance.
  7. Some of the metals (viz., Fe, Co, and Ni) have desirable magnetic properties.